Peter Drucker's consultations had an almost legendary reputation in business circles. With his detailed knowledge of history, Drucker was able to illuminate questions of company structures and business strategies in broad economic-historical contexts. As in his lectures and books, Drucker did not limit himself to purely scientific contexts, but would on occasionalso quote literary figures like Henry James or Jane Austen, both of whom he especially valued. Or he illustrated his considerations with current events or anecdotes from Old Vienna.
But to Drucker management was "no specific peculiarity of business enterprises, but rather the specific organ of all institutions of modern society." One of his personal concerns was the sponsorship of non-profit organizations, especially in the social sector. For a long time, he did consulting free of charge for social welfare and charitable organizations, among them CARE, the Salvation Army and the American Red Cross, which he considered to make essential contributions to the functioning of a civil society of solidarity.
Especially in his later years, Drucker became concerned about the development of an aggressive capitalism which disregards social aspects: